It was Hugo Grotius, who mentioned: “Authorities comes and goes, however a state stays perpetually.” However does this axiomatic political saying maintain true at this time based mostly on political happenings in our world? The balkanization of nations has exploded the truism of Hugo Grotius postulation or principle. The dismemberment of Soviet Union continues to be in dwelling reminiscence. And thousands and thousands of individuals, who’re alive at this time, have witnessed the disintegration of Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Ethiopia, Somalia, and others. So, the map of the world is being drawn and re-drawn, with the emergence of latest nation-states.
Now, the agitation for statehood by some secessionists and freedom fighters necessitated my asking this query: will Nigeria break up within the foreseeable future? No one can precisely conjecture the reply to this query. Its reply lies within the womb of time. Nonetheless, everyone knows that the Igbo individuals fought a secessionist warfare between 1967 and 1970, which was precipitated by the decimation of the Igbo individuals within the north within the aftermath of the July 1966 counter coup.
On the finish of the Biafra-Nigeria civil warfare in 1970, the slogan of “no victor, no vanquished”, which was propagated by Yakubu Gowon, gained resonance among the many individuals of Nigeria. And, in 1973, the Gowon navy administration established the Nationwide Youth Service Corps (NYSC) programme to entrench peace and unity within the Lugardian contraption referred to as Nigeria.
However has Nigeria achieved true peace and unity since then? The reply to that query is a categorical no. In reality, ethno-religious conflicts have turn out to be a typical characteristic of our nation’s historical past. We nonetheless bear in mind the maitatsine spiritual disaster that rocked Nigeria within the Eighties. And, it was within the north, a hotbed of spiritual violence, that one Akaluka was decapitated for allegedly desecrating the Koran. In 2002, the Miss World Magnificence Contest slated to happen in Abuja was cancelled owing to the Muslims’ opposition to Nigeria’s internet hosting of the occasion in Abuja. In 1993, the cancellation of the June 12, 1993 presidential election, which was adjudged the fairest and freest presidential ballot in our political annals, threw Nigeria right into a political cul-de-sac. Nonetheless, all these conflicts, which beset Nigeria previously, couldn’t trigger its disintegration.
However at this time, Nigeria is on the precipice of disintegration, owing to the management fashion of President Muhammadu Buhari. The APC-led authorities is a fascist regime that wears the masks of a democratic authorities. It has enthroned the Fulani political hegemony in Nigeria. The Buhari-led authorities has jettisoned the Federal Character Precept in making appointments into nationwide safety outfits and into different federal institutions. Right here, now, the federal character precept takes impact solely when pupils are being admitted into federal faculties as a result of it favours the north.
Once more, the Fulani cattle herders, who’ve wound proprietary fingers around the presidential seat, have launched into a killing spree, decimating the Tiv populations in states similar to Benue, Nasarrawa, and Taraba. The Fulani cattle herders haven’t spared different components of Nigeria their pillaging of farms and homicidal deeds. The Fulani cattle herders and farmers’ clashes have brought about the lack of hundreds of human lives. But, President Buhari, who units retailer by the components of consanguinity and ethnicity, has turned a blind eye to the homicidal deeds, that are being dedicated by his ethnic compatriots..
The federal authorities, which is pussyfooting on the difficulty of the menace of the Fulani cattle herders, clamped down on Sunday Adeyemo (aka Sunday Igboho) for his agitation for the creation of the Yoruba sovereign state. And, the federal authorities had extradited Nnamdi Kanu, the IPOB chief, to Nigeria via unconstitutional, unfair, unethical, and foul means. Had the federal authorities acted swiftly, decisively, and tactically in curbing the unwholesome deeds of the Boko Haram insurgents and Fulani cattle herders in the identical means because it has been dealing with the Sunday Igboho and Nnamdi Kanu’s secessionist strikes, Nigeria would have turn out to be an oasis of peace and unity.
However President Buhari, who’s unarguably and undeniably, a Fulani irredentist, has two algorithm or legal guidelines for administering Nigeria. The foundations he has used to deal with the problems of Nnamdi Kanu and Sunday Igboho are, presumably, decided by their ethnic origins and religions. Have been they his Fulani compatriots, they’d be strolling free in Nigeria at this time. Nonetheless, it’s unhappy that he has not given thought to the components and impulses that actuated and propelled them to begin clamouring for political sovereignty for his or her respective ethnic teams.
Is he not conscious that the therapy of the Igbo individuals in Nigeria as second class residents is on the root of the agitation for the creation of the state of Biafra by Nnamdi Kanu?
It ought to be famous that for the reason that finish of the civil warfare in 1970, the ruling Hausa/Fulani political class and navy juntas have been treating the Igbo individuals and Igbo territory as conquered individuals and conquered territory, respectively. The Igbo persons are chafing and choking below the stranglehold of Hausa/Fulani fascist hegemony. And Buhari, who has clannish and nepotistic disposition, has brought about the non-existence of egalitarianism in Nigeria, thereby compounding the woes of the Igbo individuals in our nation. Consequently, now, Nigeria has turn out to be a feudal state with the ruling Hausa/Fulani political oligarchy calling the photographs within the nation to the detriment of the Igbo individuals.
Lack of egalitarianism, inequity, injustice, and unfairness, which have characterised Nigeria, aren’t forces for the enthronement of peace and unity in any nation. And President Buhari’s ethnocentrism, insularity, and provincial outlook have additional bifurcated Nigeria alongside ethnic and spiritual strains, and stalled its march to financial and technological greatness. So, Nigeria is quick morphing to a banana republic what with the problems of insecurity of lives and property, financial and technological backwardness, and disunity militating in opposition to the rise of Nigeria to greatness.
So that Nigeria ought to stay as one nation, and obtain speedy nationwide improvement, President Buhari ought to get out of his provincial cloak, turn out to be broad-minded, and be taught to have a look at points from views apart from faith and ethnic origins. He ought to imbibe the notion that Sunday Igboho and Nnamdi Kanu reserve the appropriate to agitate for the creation of the Oduduwa and Biafra states, respectively. And, he ought to tackle the problems which have given rise to their clamour for statehood as a substitute of clamping down on them, and muzzling the voices of dissent.
And, I would love the Daura-born President Buhari to acquiesce into the concept of ceding the presidential seat to the Southeast, the homeland of the Igbo individuals, in 2023. His doing that can diffuse political pressure within the nation, guarantee the Igbo folks that they don’t seem to be undesirable individuals in Nigeria, and set our nation on the trail of attaining true peace and unity, which is a sine qua non for our nation’s leap to the summit of financial and technological greatness.